Komunikasi data AVR dan PC menggunakan RS-485

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Project ini hanya sebagai contoh saja, bagaimana menghubungkan beberapa microcontroller (dlm contoh ini Atmega8535) dgn PC melalui port serial dengan menggunakan RS-485.

perbandingan rs232 dan rs485:
-rs232 hanya menghubungkan antara 2  host (pc ke pc atau pc ke microcontroller) dan jarak maximal kira2  15 meter saja
-Rs485 bisa menghubungkan  beberapa host  ( 1  master dan beberapa slave )  master bisa berupa PC atau Microcontroller dan slave bisa beberapa PC atau microcontroller.
Komponen yang dibutuhkan:
1.  Rs232 to rs485 Converter
2.  modul Atmega8535 + IC max485
3.  CodeVision versi trial  (download gratis)
4.  Kabel telpon  (tergantung jarak PC dgn modul Atmega8535)
Rangkaian :
Rs-485 network
Detail rangkaian slave (microcontroller Atmega8535)
Client-RS-485
Client-RS-485
Code program dalam Visaual Basic 6:
Private Declare Function GetTickCount Lib “kernel32″ () As Long
Dim Timeout As Boolean
Dim data_pantulan As String
Dim perintah As String
Dim messagetosend As Variant
Dim transferprogress As Boolean

‘============================
Private Sub Form_Load()
If MSComm1.PortOpen = True Then Exit Sub
MSComm1.Settings = “9600,N,8,1″
MSComm1.CommPort = 1
MSComm1.PortOpen = True

End Sub
Private Sub kirimdata_Click()
txtdata_dari_slave.Text = “”
MSComm1.RTSEnable = False
Sleep (300)
MSComm1.Output = txtdatatosend.Text
Sleep (300)
MSComm1.RTSEnable = True

Call getResponse
End Sub

Private Sub getResponse()
Static responseBuffer As String
Dim inbuff As Variant
Dim length As Integer
Dim pcount As Long
Dim ccount As Long
Dim duration As Long
duration = 1000

pcount = GetTickCount()
Do While True
inbuff = MSComm1.Input
If Len(inbuff) > 0 Then
responseBuffer = responseBuffer + inbuff
length = Len(responseBuffer)
If responseBuffer <> “” Then
txtdata_dari_slave.Text = responseBuffer   ‘ received a complete response string
responseBuffer = “”
Exit Sub
Else
End If
End If
ccount = GetTickCount()
If ccount >= pcount + duration Then Exit Do  ‘
Loop
txtdata_dari_slave.Text = “no response”
End Sub

===================================================
‘jika slave nya banyak ( contoh disini ada 8 slave)
Private Sub PollSlave()
Dim no_slave As Integer
Dim buffer As Variant
Dim alamat As Integer
Dim ack As Boolean
Dim reply As Boolean
Dim data_dari_slave As String
alamat = &H67
transferprogress = True
‘mengirim alamat node tunggu ack ,kirim perintah  dan menunggu reply data
‘kemudian simpan hasil

For no_slave = 1 To 8
‘txtno_slave.Text = no_slave
‘======hapus inbuffer dan outbuffer
MSComm1.OutBufferCount = 0
If MSComm1.InBufferCount > 0 Then
buffer = MSComm1.Input
End If
‘===================================
Call enabletransmitter ‘ –>

alamat = alamat + 1   ‘ alamat = 68h,69h,6Ah,6Bh,6Ch,6Dh,6Eh,6Fh
alamat_slave = Chr(alamat)
txtno_slave.Text = alamat_slave
buffer = Chr(alamat)
‘MsgBox buffer
‘kirim alamat ke i
MSComm1.Output = buffer
‘=======================================================================
Do ‘tunggu pantulan byte alamat yg dikirim
txtstatus.Text = “tunggu pantulan alamat = ” & buffer
tmrTimeout.Enabled = True
Timeout = False
‘===============sampe trima 1 byte alamat pantulan
Call disabletransmitter  ‘<–
Do
DoEvents
Loop Until (MSComm1.InBufferCount >= 1) Or (Timeout = True)
‘=================

If Timeout = False Then
tmrTimeout.Enabled = False
‘baca byte pantulan  dan bandingkan dgn yg dikirim
data_pantulan = MSComm1.Input
txtalamatslave.Text = txtalamatslave.Text & Asc(data_pantulan)
If StrComp(data_pantulan, alamat_slave, vbBinaryCompare) <> 0 Then
ack = True
txtstatus.Text = “alamat sama okehh”
Else
ack = False
txtstatus.Text = ” alamat  beda”
End If

Else
lbtimeout.Caption = “waiting adress timeout slave no ” & no_slave
ack = False
End If
Loop Until ack = True Or Timeout = True
tmrTimeout.Enabled = False
Timeout = False
‘=========================================================================
txtinbuffer.Text = ” count= ” & MSComm1.InBufferCount & “  size = ” & MSComm1.InBufferSize & “  isi = ” & MSComm1.Input

If ack = True Then
‘================================================================
Call enabletransmitter  ‘–>  Out
perintah = “b”  ‘kirim perintah baca data output
messagetosend = perintah
tmrTimeout.Interval = 1000
tmrTimeout.Enabled = True
ack = False
MSComm1.Output = messagetosend

Call disabletransmitter  ‘<– IN
Do

Timeout = False
Do
DoEvents
Loop Until (MSComm1.InBufferCount > 4) Or (Timeout = True)

lbtimeoutdata.Caption = “waiting reply data timeout slave no ” & no_slave
If Timeout = False Then
tmrTimeout.Enabled = False
data_dari_slave = MSComm1.Input

reply = True
If StrComp(Asc(Left(data_dari_slave, 1)), alamat, vbBinaryCompare) <> 0 Then
txtoutput_ok.Text = data_dari_slave
‘ txtoutput_ng.Text = Asc(Val(“&h” & Mid(data_dari_slave, 4, 2)))
‘simpanhasil(no_slave,output_ok,output_ng)
txtdata_dari_slave.Text = txtdata_dari_slave.Text & Asc(data_dari_slave)
txtstatus.Text = “alamat cocok”

Else
‘alamat data tdk cocok
txtstatus.Text = “alamat tdk cocok”
End If

Else
lbtimeoutdata.Caption = “waiting reply data timeout slave no ” & no_slave

End If
Loop Until reply = True Or Timeout = True
tmrTimeout.Enabled = False
‘====================================================
End If
txtoutbuffer.Text = ” count= ” & MSComm1.OutBufferCount & “  size = ” & MSComm1.OutBufferSize

Next no_slave
transferprogress = False
tmrTimeout.Enabled = False
txtstatus.Text = “selesai 1 loop”
End Sub

===================================================
Sofware untuk microcontroller Atmega8535 sebagai slave
=====================================================
contoh  Program Avr Atmega8535
#include <mega8535.h>
#asm
.equ __lcd_port=0×15
#endasm
#include <lcd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <delay.h>
#include <ctype.h>
//char lcd_buffer[33];         //-128 to 127

unsigned char  r_index, r_buffer[40], r_char; //0 to 255
void main(void)
{
lcd_init(16);
UCSRA=0×00;
UCSRB=0×98;
UCSRC=0×86;
UBRRH=0×00;
UBRRL=0×47;

delay_ms(500);
PORTD.7=0;
/*r_buffer[0]=’c’;
r_buffer[1]=’o’;
r_buffer[2]=’b’;
r_buffer[3]=’a’;
r_buffer[4]=”;
*/
delay_ms(500);
lcd_putsf(“test comm”);
#asm(“sei”)
while(1) {
r_index=0;
//  UCSRB.7=1;

lcd_puts(r_buffer);  //display data di ram, klo di flash pake lcd_putsf
}
}
interrupt [USART_RXC] void usart_rx_complete(void)
{

lcd_clear();
r_char= toascii(UDR);

if(r_char==’u’)
{
delay_ms(100);
PORTD.7=1;
delay_ms(300);
lcd_putsf(“85->replied”); //85     79=”, 80=p 81=q 82=r  83=s 84=t
delay_ms(200);
putchar(‘u’) ;

}
else if(r_char==’y’)
{
delay_ms(100);
PORTD.7=1;
delay_ms(300);
lcd_putsf(“89->replied”); //89     79=”, 80=p 81=q 82=r  83=s 84=t
delay_ms(200);
putchar(‘y’) ;
}
else
{

if (r_char != ‘x’)   //88
{
r_buffer[r_index++]=r_char;
}
else
{
putchar(‘\n’);              //use putchar to avoid overwrite
r_buffer[r_index]=0×00;        //zero terminate
//UCSRB.7=0;
}

delay_ms(100);
PORTD.7=0;
delay_ms(100);

}
}
=============

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1 komentar:

ramadhan mengatakan...

Mas mau tanya, untuk menuju rs converter perlu melewati atmega lagi atau serialnya langsung menuju PC???

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